GS M Paper III
- Raimona declared National Park on World Environment Day
- Raimona in Kokrajhar district has become Assam’s sixth national park.
- The Raimona National Park, which falls under Kokrajhar district of BTC, is a part of a contiguous forest patch with an area of 422 square km, covering the northern part of the notified Ripu Reserve Forest, which forms the westernmost buffer to Manas Tiger Reserve in the southern foothills of Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot.
- There has been discussion about the Dehing Patkai as one of the new National Parks, however, the state government is yet to announce it formally. Once the government declares, the total number of National Park in Assam will become 7.
- Raimona is bounded on the west by the Sonkosh river along the Assam-West Bengal border running southward from the India-Bhutan border and the Saralbhanga river on the east till it touches the India-Bhutan border on the north and the southern part of the Ripu Reserve Forest.
- The Pekua river defines Raimona’s southern boundary.
- Raimona will ensure the long-term conservation of endemic species like the Golden langur, the mascot of Bodoland Territorial Council, and endangered species such as the Asian elephant, the Bengal tiger, and various other flora and faunal species it supports.
- CESL signs pacts with Ladakh, Meghalaya; expands decentralized solar portfolio
- Convergence Energy Services Ltd (CESL), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL), has signed two Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with two states of India Meghalaya and Union Territory of Ladakh amounting to around 65 MW of decentralized solar.
- A 100 percent owned subsidiary of EESL Convergence Energy Services Limited (Convergence), a new energy company, is focused on delivering clean, affordable, and reliable energy.
- Convergence focuses on energy solutions that lie at the confluence of renewable energy, electric mobility, and climate change.
- Sustainable goals index: Kerala retains top slot, Bihar at bottom
- Kerala has retained the top rank in NITI Aayog’s SDG India Index 2020-21, while Mizoram, Haryana, and Uttarakhand are the top gainers in terms of improvement in their rankings from 2019, according to a report released by the government think tank on 3rd
- The country’s overall SDG score improved by 6 points — from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2020-21 — on accounts of improvement in performance in providing facilities including clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy among others.
SDG India Index?
- The Index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) evaluates the progress of states and Union Territories (UTs) on various parameters including health, education, gender, economic growth, institutions, climate change, and environment.
- First launched in December 2018, the index has become the primary tool for monitoring progress on the SDGs in India. It has also fostered competition among the states and UTs by ranking them on the global goals.
Significance of the SDG India Index?
- The index is developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India. It tracks the progress of all states and UTs on 115 indicators aligned with the National Indicator Framework (NIF) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
- The index is a key tool for focused policy dialogue, formulation, and implementation through development actions, in line with the global SDG framework.
- It helps in identifying crucial gaps related to tracking the SDGs and the need for India to develop its statistical systems.
Intellectual Property Rights
- Two states, one brand: KSRTC
- For decades, the neighboring states of Kerala and Karnataka have used the same abbreviation for their respective State Road Transport Corporations — KSTRC.
- After a seven-year legal battle for the trademark, Kerala claims it has been given the right to use the abbreviation KSRTC, its emblem, and even the nickname ‘Anavandi’, which means elephant vehicle.
- In Kerala, the erstwhile Travancore State Transport Department was re-established as Kerala State Road Transport Corporation on April 1, 1965.
- In Karnataka, the Mysore Government Road Transport Department (MGRTD), started in 1948, became Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation in 1973.
How trademarks are registered?
- The Office of the Controller General of Patents, Design and Trade Marks is the apex body in charge of supervising the working of regulations related to patents and trademarks and advising the government on these matters. It comes under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
- The Controller General heads the offices of the Trade Marks Registry, created to administer the Trade Marks Act, 1999.
- New Covid-19 vaccine, Corbevax
- India has placed an advance order for 300 million doses of a new Covid-19 vaccine, Corbevax, from Hyderabad-based Company Biological E.
How Corbevax works
- Corbevax is a “recombinant protein sub-unit” vaccine, which means it is made up of a specific part of SARS-CoV-2: the spike protein on the virus’s surface.
- The spike protein allows the virus to enter the cells in the body so that it can replicate and cause disease.
- The body is expected to develop an immune response against the injected spike protein. Therefore, when the real virus attempts to infect the body, it will already have an immune response ready that will make it unlikely for the person to fall severely ill.
- Although this technology has been used for decades to make hepatitis B vaccines, Corbevax will be among the first Covid-19 vaccines to use this platform.
- Novavax has also developed a protein-based vaccine, which is still waiting for emergency use authorization from various regulators.
How Corbevax is different
- Other Covid-19 vaccines approved so far are either mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna), viral vector vaccines (AstraZeneca-Oxford/Covishield, Johnson & Johnson, and Sputnik V), or inactivated vaccines (Covaxin, Sinovac-CoronaVac, and Sinopharm’s SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine–Vero Cell).
- Inactivated vaccines, which include killed particles of the whole SARS-CoV-2 virus, attempt to target the entire structure of the virus. On the other hand, Corbevax, like the mRNA and viral vector Covid-19 vaccines, targets only the spike protein, but differently.
- Viral vector and mRNA vaccines use a code to induce our cells to make the spike proteins against which the body has to build immunity. In the case of Corbevax, actually, the protein is given.