GS M Paper II
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein.
- Rengma Nagas demand autonomous council
- The Rengma Nagas in Assam have written to Union Home Minister Amit Shah demanding an autonomous district council amid a decision by the Central and the State governments to upgrade the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) into a territorial council.
- The petition said that the Rengma Hills was partitioned in 1963 between Assam and Nagaland at the time of the creation of Nagaland State and the Karbis, who were known as Mikirs till 1976, were the indigenous tribal people of Mikir Hills.
- The Nationwide Socialist Council of Nagaland or NSCN (Isak-Muivah), which is in talks with the Centre for a peace deal, mentioned in a press release that the Rengma challenge was one of many necessary agendas of the “Indo-Naga political talks” and no authority ought to go far sufficient to override their pursuits.
- The Sixth Schedule of the Structure protects tribal populations and supplies autonomy to the communities by the creation of autonomous growth councils that may body legal guidelines on land, public well-being, agriculture, and others.
- As of now, 10 autonomous councils exist in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
- UN Security Council endorses Secretary-General Guterres for the second term
- The Security Council, recommends to the General Assembly that Mr. Antonio Guterres be appointed secretary-general of the United Nations for a second term of office from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2026.
About the UN Secretary-General:
- The UN Charter describes the Secretary-General as the “chief administrative officer” of the Organization, who shall act in that capacity and perform “such other functions as are entrusted” to them by the Security Council, General Assembly, Economic, and Social Council, and other United Nations organs.
- The Charter also empowers the Secretary-General to bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in their opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.
- The Security Council recommends a candidate for the General Assembly’s 193 members to appoint.
- Although all UN members get a voice in the secretary-general’s selection, the five permanent members of the Security Council hold the most influence.
- Any one of them can eliminate a nominee with a veto.
Parliament and State Legislatures
3. Monsoon session of Parliament likely to begin in July:
- The last session of Parliament was curtailed and ended sine die on March 25 and under the Constitutional norms, the next session has to be held within six months. This period ends on September 14.
- Article 85 of the Indian Constitution states that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament.
- Sine die: without any future date being designated (as for resumption)
- Sclater’s Monal, Himalayan Monal sighted in Arunachal’s Eko Dumbing
- Sclater’s Monal (Lophophorus sclateri) and Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) have been sighted at Mount Eko Dumbing that lies between Yingkiong and Singga in Upper Siang district.
- Sclater’s Monal are endemic to high mountain ridges of North East India, southern China, and northern Myanmar.
- Listed as ‘vulnerable’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to habitat loss and hunting, such sightings help in understanding its distribution.
- Himalayan Monal, a colourful bird is more widely distributed from Afghanistan to North East India along the Himalayan ranges.
- Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol
- Recently, the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) through its Operation Pangea XIV targeted the sale of fake medicines and products online.
- More than 10 lakh web links, including websites and online marketplaces, were taken down in the operation.
About Operation Pangea:
- Operation Pangea is a well-established international effort of Interpol to disrupt the online sale of counterfeit and illicit health products.
- It works to raise awareness of the risks associated with buying medicines from unregulated websites.
- The first Operation Pangea was conducted in 2008.