GS M Paper III
- Assam notifies Dihing Patkai as its 7th National Park
- Assam now is the state with the second-highest number of national parks in the country, after Madhya Pradesh’s 11. The Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar has nine national parks.
- The 942-sqkm Dehing Patkai wildlife sanctuary (notified in 2004) is located inside the larger Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve, which spreads across Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, and Sivasagar districts of Upper Assam – rich in coal and oil – and is believed to be the last remaining contiguous patch of lowland rainforest area in Assam.
- As a national park, it will now include additional reserve forests (western block of the Upper Dihing RF and Jeypore RF)
- Known for its elephant population, Dehing Patkai has 47 mammal species, 47 reptile species, and 310 butterfly species.
- The area is especially a draw for ornithologists since it is said to have the highest concentration of the rare endangered White Winged Wood Duck.
- Arunachal’s Pakke Tiger Reserve: In News
- Over 200 contingency workers of Pakke Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh went on a strike from 9th June over non-payment of wages since December 2020, leaving the tiger reserve unguarded.
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority, headed by Union Environment, Forest & Climate Change Minister provides funding for the wages of the contingency staff of PTR through the state government.
- The 862 sq km Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakke Tiger Reserve falls in the Pakke-Kessang district in southern Arunachal Pradesh.
National Tiger Conservation Authority
- National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change.
- It was established in 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.
- It was constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it.
- Avoid vaccine nationalism at all costs: UNGA President-elect Abdulla Shahid
Maldives Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid, who has been elected President of the 76th United Nations General has warned against Vaccine nationalism and said that it would destroy countries’ efforts to eradicate the pandemic and must be avoided “at all costs”.
- Vaccine nationalism occurs when a country manages to secure doses of vaccines for its own citizens or residents before they are made available in other countries.
- This is done through pre-purchase agreements between a government and a vaccine manufacturer.
- The world’s most livable cities in 2021
- Auckland, New Zealand came out on top on The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Index of 140 cities around the world.
- The cities that have risen to the top of the rankings this year are largely the ones that have taken stringent measures to contain the pandemic.
- El Salvador becomes the first country to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender
- El Salvador, a small coastal country in Central America, became the first in the world to make Bitcoin, a digital currency, legal on 9th
- The country was officially ‘dollarized’ in 2001 and runs on the monetary policy of the US Federal Reserve.