GS M Paper II
- India natural ally of G7: PM Modi
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that India is a natural ally for the G7 countries in the fight against authoritarianism, terrorism and violent extremism, disinformation, and economic coercion, among other threats.
- The leaders of seven nations — the U.S., Germany, the U.K., France, Canada, Japan, and Italy — met in Cornwall in southwest England, marking the 47th edition of the “Group of seven” summit.
- As chair of G7, the UK invited India, Australia, South Korea, South Africa to the summit as guest countries.
Group of Seven (G-7)
- It is an intergovernmental organization that was formed in 1975.
- The bloc meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security, and energy policy.
- The G-7 does not have a formal constitution or a fixed headquarters. The decisions taken by leaders during annual summits are non-binding.
- The G7 was known as the ‘G8’ for several years after the original seven were joined by Russia in 1997.
- The Group returned to being called G7 after Russia was expelled as a member in 2014 following the latter’s annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine.
- G-7 Summits are held annually and hosted on a rotation basis by the group’s members.
GS M Paper III
Science and Technology
- IIT Ropar develops nation’s first power-free CPAP device ‘Jivan Vayu’
- Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a device ‘Jivan Vayu’ which can be used as a substitute for the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine.
- However, this is the Nation’s first such device that functions even without electricity and is adapted to both kinds of oxygen generation units like O2 cylinders and oxygen pipelines in hospitals.
- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a treatment method for patients having breathing problems during sleep called sleep apnea.
- ‘Jivan Vayu’ can deliver high flow oxygen (20–60 LPM) while maintaining a continuous positive pressure of up to 20 cm H2O. The device is designed to maintain a FiO2 of above 40% with a PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure) of 5-20 cm H2O.
GS M Paper I
- Devika River National Project
- Union minister Jitendra Singh reviewed the ongoing work on the Devika river rejuvenation project in Jammu and Kashmir.
- The work on the Rs 186.74-crore project under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) started in March 2019 and was scheduled to be completed in two years
Devika Rejuvenation Project
- The Devika project, under the centrally funded Rs.190 crore National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) Devika project, was formally launched in early 2019.
- The Devika River also holds great religious significance as it is revered by Hindus as the sister of the river Ganga.
- Devika River originates from the hilly Suddha Mahadev temple in the Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir and flows down towards western Punjab (Pakistan) where it merges with the Ravi river.
National River Conservation Plan
- NRCP is a centrally funded scheme launched in 1995 aimed at preventing the pollution of rivers.
- Programs for river conservation are being implemented under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) and NGRBA (National Ganga River Basin Authority).
- Tree of coffee family discovered in Andaman and Nicobar
- A 15-meter-tall tree that belongs to the genus of the coffee family has recently been discovered from the Andaman Islands by a team of researchers from India and the Philippines.
- The new species, Pyrostria laljii, also happens to be the first record of the genus Pyrostria in India.
- Plants belonging to the genus Pyrostria are usually found in Madagascar, but the recently discovered species is new to science.
- Pyrostria laljii has been assessed as ‘Critically Endangered’ based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List Criteria.