GS M Paper II
- G7’s Build Back Better World Initiative
- The G7 (Group of Seven) Countries proposed a ‘Build Back Better World (B3W) initiative’ at the recent 47th G7 summit to counter China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
- It is an intergovernmental organization that was formed in 1975.
- The bloc meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
- The G7 countries are the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US.
About the initiative
- It aims to address the infrastructure investment deficit in developing and lower income countries – the space which has been increasingly captured by China through 2,600 BRI projects with trillions of dollars of investment.
- B3W initiative will provide a transparent infrastructure partnership to help narrow about $40 trillion needed by developing nations by 2035.
- It was launched in It involves development and investment initiatives that would stretch from Asia to Europe and beyond.
- More than 100 countries have signed agreements with China to cooperate in BRI projects like railways, ports, highways and other infrastructure.
- School Innovation Ambassador Training Program
- Recently, the Union Education Minister and Union Tribal Affairs Minister jointly launched the School Innovation Ambassador Training Program (SIATP).
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched an Adi-Prashikshan portal which is also a repository of training inputs.
About the program:
- The innovative and one-of-its-kind training program for school teachers aims at training 50,000 school teachers in innovation, entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), design thinking, product development, idea generation, among others.
- It will make Indian teachers, change-agents and ambassadors of innovation to make our students future-ready.
- It has been designed by the Innovation Cell of the Ministry of Education and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for school teachers based on its Innovation Ambassador Training Program for Higher Educational Institution’s faculty members.
- National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):
- The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) in its 36th Executive Committee has approved new projects for rejuvenation of six rivers in Uttarakhand.
- The projects shall cover the six polluted river stretches in the Kumaon region.
About the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):
- It was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
- It acted as the implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) 1986.
- NGRBA was dissolved with effect from the 7th October 2016, consequent to the constitution of the National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council).
GS M Paper III
- Kisan Sarathi
- Recently, the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) celebrated its 93rd foundation day and on the occasion, the Kisan Sarthi platform was launched.
About the platform
- It was jointly launched by the Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare and the Union Minister of Electronics & Information Technology.
- It is a digital platform to facilitate farmers to get ‘right information at right time’ in their desired language.
- It will help farmers to interact and avail personalized advisories on agriculture and allied areas directly from the respective scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs).
Krishi Vigyan Kendra:
- It is an agricultural extension center in India. Usually associated with a local agricultural university, these centers serve as the ultimate link between the ICAR and farmers, and aim to apply agricultural research in a practical, localized setting.
- It is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS).
- The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry.
Indian Council of Agriculture Research
- It is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
- It was established in July 1929 and was formerly known as the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research headquartered at New Delhi.
- New Gecko Species: Odisha
- Recently, Odisha’s forest officials have announced measures to preserve the newly discovered tiny gecko species of the genus Hemiphyllodactylus.
- This was first spotted in Ganjam district, Odisha in 2014. The new species of Hemiphyllodactylus minimus is the smallest member of the genus with a maximum body size of little over six cm.
- It is called Ganjam Slender Gecko.
- It is the first non-island species of the genus which is distributed in lowland habitats.
- Geckos are reptiles and are found on all the continents except These colorful lizards have adapted to habitats from rainforests, to deserts, to cold mountain slopes.
Other Species of Gecko in India:
- Indian Golden Gecko (family Gekkonidae) is native to India (Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh).
- Tokay Gecko (family Gekkonidae) is widespread in the Indo-Malayan region.
- Protection Status of both the Species:
IUCN Red List: Least Concern (LC).