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eKuhipath Daily Current Affairs Analysis I July 18, 2021

GS M Paper II

Governance

  1. AI Powered Grievance Management Application
  • Recently, the Defence Minister launched an Artificial Intelligence (AI)- powered grievance management application.
  • Earlier, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) launched an AI-based portal ‘SUPACE’ in the judicial system aimed at assisting judges with legal research.

About

  • This project is the first of its kind initiative of the Government for using AI, data science and Machine Learning techniques in grievance redressal. It is a citizen centric reform.
  • It has been developed by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) with the help of IIT-Kanpur.
  • It will automatically handle and analyse the complaints of the people and thus reduce human intervention, save time and bring more transparency in their disposal.

Significance:

  • This application will have great use in understanding the nature of complaints, geographies from where they registered and policy changes which can be introduced to create systemic improvements to address these grievances.
  1. UMANG App
  • Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) has enabled map services in UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) App.
  • Citizens will be able to find government facilities nearest to their location, such as mandis, blood banks and also be able to see these on the most detailed and interactive street and village level maps of India (built by MapmyIndia Company).

About UMANG

  • The UMANG mobile app is a Government of India all-in-one single, unified, secure, multi-channel, multi-lingual, multi-service mobile app.
  • It provides access to high impact services of various organizations of Centre and States. Presently it has 2000+ services.
  • The aim of UMANG is to fast-track mobile governance in India.
  • UMANG was developed by the National e-Governance Division (NeGD), Ministry of Electronics & IT.

Polity

Legislature

  1. Adjournment Motion
  • The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) has decided to move an adjournment motion in the Lok Sabha against the government on the three controversial farm laws, over which it walked out of the NDA government.

Background:

  • The laws — the “Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, the “Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 and the “Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020” were cleared by Parliament last year and have seen sustained protests from farmers groups at the doorstep of Delhi.

About Adjournment Motion:

  • Adjournment motion is introduced only in the Lok Sabha to draw the attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance.
  • It involves an element of censure against the government, therefore Rajya Sabha is not permitted to make use of this device.
  • It is regarded as an extraordinary device as it interrupts the normal business of the House. It needs the support of 50 members to be admitted.
  • The discussion on this motion should last for not less than two hours and thirty minutes.

Types of Motions in Indian Parliament

Privilege Motion

  • It is moved by a member when he feels that a minister has committed a breach of privilege of the House or one or more of its members by withholding facts of a case or by giving wrong or distorted facts. Its purpose is to censure the concerned minister.
  • It can be moved in Rajya Sabha as well as Lok Sabha.

Censure Motion

  • It should state the reasons for its adoption in the Lok Sabha. It can be moved against an individual minister or a group of ministers or the entire council of ministers.
  • It is moved to censure the council of ministers for specific policies and actions. It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.

No Confidence Motion

  • Article 75 of the Constitution says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. In other words, the Lok Sabha can remove the ministry from office by passing a no-confidence motion. The motion needs the support of 50 members to be admitted.
  • It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.

Cut Motions

  • A cut motion is a special power vested in members of the Lok Sabha to oppose a demand being discussed for specific allocation by the government in the Finance Bill as part of the Demand for Grants.
  • It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.
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